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  涓??界???т?淇℃??? >> ?????叉不 >> ?剧???叉不 >> ??娲查┈???ヨ?锛?椹翠骇涓?璇ヤ??讳?浠?锛?椹翠骇涓?涓?瀹朵负?ㄨВ绛?锛?
 
 
??娲查┈???ヨ?锛?椹翠骇涓?璇ヤ??讳?浠?锛?椹翠骇涓?涓?瀹朵负?ㄨВ绛?锛?
      
????琛ㄦ?ユ??: 2020-05-21  ??绔??ユ?: 椹翠骇涓????????版???ヨ????  
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?瑰?讳??瑰?虫敞??浠?

??娲查┈???ヨ?锛?椹翠骇涓?璇ヤ??讳?浠?锛?
 

4??22?ワ???涓??????ㄥ????????甯?浜??充???濂介??娲查┈???茶??宸ヤ??????ワ?寮鸿????拌?楂?搴﹁???澧?澶???娲查┈??浼??ラ???瀵????虫敞澧?澶??????ㄥ??,??寮洪??娲查┈???叉?х?ヨ?????????瀹d?涓??硅?,??濂藉??ュ??澶?宸ヤ???

椹翠?涓洪??娲查┈????????绉?绫伙?椹翠骇涓?????浠?瀵规?娆$????瀵规????/span>椹翠骇涓???褰卞????濡?浣???/span>????娲查┈??浼???/span>????????娲查┈???????舵???涔?锛?濡?浣??ゆ??互??澶?????椹村?烘???﹂??瑕?????杩?琛?娉ㄥ?????棰??茬????瀛?????????

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寮?浼?

椹翠骇涓????板?㈤???剧???у?朵?瀹?/p>

 

灞变????颁唬??涓?浜т??????绯婚┐浜т????板?㈤??宀?浣?涓?瀹躲??灞变?????涓?绉?瀛﹂?㈢???у?藉?荤??绌舵??????绌跺????????澶у??硅????????灞变?????骞寸???濂??峰?????灞变???楂?灞?娆′汉????娴???甯?绾ч???浜烘????

Q

2020骞???搴?浠ユ??娉板?藉??涓???浣??ㄥ?娆″??涓????ㄧ?╁????缁?缁?(OIE)?????跺?靛?诲???宸磋??搴????ユ???搴???????????娲查┈??????????娲查┈?????涔?锛??ㄦ???界??娴?琛??跺?靛?浣?锛???娲查┈??浠?娉板?借??ユ???界??椋??╂??澶?澶э????︿?????娲茬????涓??凤?瀵规???介┐浜т?????宸ㄥぇ褰卞??锛?

A

   ??娲查┈??锛?African Horse Sickness锛?AHS锛????遍??娲查┈????姣?寮?璧风??椹???ㄧ?╂?ユ?с??浜??ユ?т?????锛?浠ュ?????????缁?缂?缁?缁????烘按?夸互???????鸿?涓虹?瑰?锛?涓昏???杩??歌??????????椹???????????ф??楂?锛?姝讳骸??涓?0%-95%锛?楠℃?浜$??绾︿负50%锛?椹存?浜$??绾︿负10%????娲查┈????????ㄧ?╁????缁?缁?锛?World Organization for Animal Health锛?OIE锛?瑙?瀹???A绫诲?ㄧ?╃????锛??ㄦ???藉???????????锛?浣?灏??跺??涓轰?绫诲?ㄧ?╃??????

??娲查┈?????????锋?????剧???板???т?瀛h???с????娲查┈??涓昏?娴?琛?浜???娲叉??????娌?婕?浠ュ???板?猴??ㄦ?娲层??涓?????ㄥ???藉????板?哄?舵?????????ㄦ嘲?藉??????AHS??杩????圭????借竟澧??寸嚎璺?绂讳?瓒?00????锛???绾?害?歌???姘????镐技锛?瀹㈣?涓?????姣?浼?????寤剁?????姐????腑?界?璁″勾?达?2019锛?锛??ㄦ???戒???婊?椹????绉?瀛???瑙?妯′负14.3涓?澶达?椹翠负13.2涓?澶淬??楠℃??20.2涓?澶达?骞胯タ?捐?查┈绛???绉?瀛???瑙?妯′负18.8涓?澶达?楠℃??3.3涓?澶淬????娲查┈?????????浠?浼?????浼?????锛??变?????????ф椿?ㄩ?绻?瀵规???藉???寰?澶э??锋??浼??ユ???芥??ㄧ?????芥?у??椋??╂?с??

?剧????浼????琛?涓??????ㄧ?╃??瀵?搴︺???????瑰?涓???寰???浼???婧???绉?绫讳??伴????绠$???у?舵???界?璇稿???绱????炽???ㄦ???斤?椹翠??翠?涓哄焦??浣跨???????涓昏??ㄥ??????杈藉????扮????????绛????瑰??杩??板?烘?e?伙??绘?扮害涓?53.3涓?澶达?浠ョ?娴?浜т?涓虹??????绾﹀??楗插?绘????杩???骞存???磋捣??锛??惰?妯″???绘?绋?搴︿???5%宸﹀?筹??颁唬椹翠骇涓??翠?澶?浜??硅?茶捣姝ラ?舵????舵?锛?AHS涓昏???搴?????浼?????????绛??歌??ф?????浠?浼????澶?????浜?婀跨?????锛???涓??????娈???杩??ㄥ??姘???娓╁害???板?垮?扮??绛????跺????′欢??褰卞??杈?澶э???涓?椹村?缁胯?茬??绉?????娓╁共?ョ????圭?????╁??规?э??翠娇????????澶ц?妯℃?琛??????芥?ф?捐????浣???姝ゅ?锛????芥??HS???????猴???涓ユ?肩????娲查┈???????哄??芥????锛?GB/T 22330.6-2008锛?锛??锋??涓ュ???绯荤?椋??╅?叉?т?绯伙???娲查┈??瀵逛?椹寸??浼?????椋??╁??瀵逛骇涓????卞?涓???娲茬???????卞?娌℃??????с??

Q

瀵逛???娲查┈??锛?椹村?哄?璇ュ?浣??叉不锛?

A

棰??蹭???????????涓?娴?琛?锛??抽???ㄤ??????????寰?????????瀵?HS灏????????????╂不??锛????芥?垮??稿?抽?ㄩ?ㄥ??跺??淇???浜?楂?搴﹁?????3??28?ユ捣?虫?荤讲??甯????充??叉?娉板?介??娲查┈??浼??ョ??璀︾ず???ャ??锛?4??1?ワ?娴峰?虫?荤讲????涓??????ㄨ??????甯????充??叉?娉板?介??娲查┈??浼??ユ???界????????锛?????绂?姝㈢?存?ユ???存?ヤ?娉板?借??ラ┈灞??ㄧ?╋?椹???椹淬????椹????舵??浜ょ?锛????剁?稿?充骇??绛????斤?涓ラ?叉嘲??HS????浼??ャ??涓??﹀???扮??浼?HS涓村????讹???澶ч??????姝讳骸绛????碉?瑕?绔??抽??绂诲????椹???ㄧ?┿??瀵?????ㄦ?浜¢┈灞??ㄧ?╋????跺??缇ら┈灞??ㄧ?╃Щ??????舵????绘??虹Н绮???绉?按锛?寮?灞?濯?浠????????绛?宸ヤ?锛??у?惰???????婧?澶达????烽??涓??藉?ㄧ?╁????涓?娴?琛???瀛︿腑蹇?妫?娴?锛?骞舵???у揩?ヨ?姹???濂界??浼肩?????ュ????涓ユ?煎??濂界?????叉?э?瀹???棰?璀︽?哄??/span>??

Q
?茶????娲查┈??浼??ラ┐?猴??????瑕??瑰???蹇界?ワ?
A

姝ゆ??????????版嘲?斤????㈢?存?ヨ??ヨ??????缂??镐袱?戒????芥?ュ¥???朵腑锛????????峰?OIE??娲查┈???舵??璁ゅ?????????绠℃???典???锛?缂???HS?????界?舵??浜?2018骞?1??琚?IE缁?姝€?????戒?涓ゅ?界??杈瑰?绾跨害??1525????锛?杈瑰?绾胯??匡????硅锤??寮??惧??绋?搴﹀ぇ锛?璐告??娴??ㄦ?у己锛?绠℃?у???锛???姝ら??瑕???寮鸿竟澧??ㄧ?╃??绠$??锛?涓ユ?奸???堕┈灞??ㄧ?╋?椹???椹淬????椹????舵??浜ょ?锛???甯??轰氦??锛?澶у???茶??AHS缁???????缂??镐??ユ???介┐?虹?????芥?с?????讹??变???椹??????姣???????瀹夸富???ㄥ?瀹夸富锛???浠ュ?璇ユ???朵腑姝㈤?????ㄧ?╁挨?舵???娉板?藉?ㄨ竟?藉???椹???杩?锛??猴??h浆?鸿锤??娲诲?ㄣ??

Q
??????娲查┈???????舵???涔?锛?濡?浣??ゆ??互??澶???锛?
A

?规??IE???????ㄧ?╁????娉??搞??(绗?1??)锛?AHS娼?浼?????甯镐负7-14澶┿??涓昏???浠ヤ????讹?

?哄??:涓烘?ユ?ц?绋?锛?澶?瑙?浜?娴?琛??村?????????板???????板?恒????椹??娓╃??跺??楂?杈?0-42??锛???缁?-2澶╅???冲父娓┿??琛ㄧ?颁负绮剧?娌???锛??肩???娼?孩锛?缇???娴?娉???煎?搁?????揪60-75娆?????锛??虹?颁???绋?搴︾???煎?稿?伴?撅??????у?冲?斤?榧诲??╁ぇ??澶?娴??烘场娌??锋恫浣?锛???甯哥??绋?5-7澶╋?甯稿??绐?????姝汇??

蹇???:涓轰??ユ?х?杩?锛???椹??娓╀?瓒?杩?40.5??锛?浠ユ按?夸负涓昏?琛ㄥ???棣????ㄩ??ㄣ???朵?绐????肩???虹?版按?匡????╁??冲?村?????㈤??????ㄣ??涓?棰?锛???欢浼歌?抽????????缁?????姘磋??0澶?澶╋???????蹇???琛扮???姝汇??

?哄???:??浜??ユ?х?杩?锛?澶?????浜???涓?瀹??垫??????椹??广???哄????蹇???娣峰??瀛?????煎?疯?哄????蹇????????讹?甯稿?ㄧ?????村??涓??虹?帮?椹??圭??姝讳骸??绾︿负70锛???

??????: 璇ュ??娼?浼????匡???绋????澶?瑙?浜????????ㄥ????????椹??广??琛ㄧ?颁负??椹??娓╁??楂???0??锛???缁?-3澶┿????椹?〃?板??椋?锛?缁???寰?孩锛??????煎?稿?????

????杩?娌℃??AHS璇??????介??????锛????芥????娲查┈??璇????????GB/T 21675-2008锛?????娲查┈??妫??????????锛?SN/T 2856-2011锛???褰??????????讹???????LISA杩?琛?琛?娓?瀛﹀揩???村?锛??跺???╃?ㄧ?缁??瑰?诲??绂荤??姣????村???讹?搴?灏芥?╄?琛???姣?涓???璇?楠?锛???????T-PCR 骞剁???娴?搴??规?锛?浠ョ‘瀹?琛?娓???锛????ㄦ?纭??????????ㄦ???芥病??椹存????AHS???ラ??锛??ㄩ??娲叉???ラ????????????椹撮??甯镐??虹?颁?涓村????讹?琛ㄧ?板?洪???稿?????洪?ㄥ?煎?搁???????朵互??澶撮??ㄧ??姘磋?匡?濡?娣峰??????椹?蓟?藉??椹??虹?????戒娇???舵?村?????????浠ュ?浜?AHS搴?瀹???椹???ㄧ?╃Щ?ㄧ??绠′?绯伙?寤虹?涓ユ?肩????绂诲?恒???????恒??姝ゅ?剧???????ㄧ?╃??╁?介????浣?濮???浼????卞?介┐??????浼???涓???椹???╁??浼??卞???朵???棰??查??娲查┈??娴锋?ャ??

Q
?ヤ?涓?┐?轰??ラ??娲查┈??锛????︿??句互娑????
A

???颁?????寰?锛?瀵归?叉?т换浣????????介??甯搁??瑕?????娲查┈??涓?浼???杩?绌烘???姘淬??椋??╀??????ヨЕ????锛?灞?浜??歌?绫绘?????浠?浼?????浼?????锛???瀛h????姘?娓╃???绱???褰卞??澶э???姝ゅ??歌?绫昏???杩?琛???娴????у?跺挨涓哄?抽????椹村?哄??跺?????у?舵???斤?濡?????浣跨?ㄦ?姣???????????????锛?娑????歌?绫昏???锛????舵?绮????绉?按锛??瑰?????????绛???瀵瑰凡?撮?叉????????椹村?涓ユ?兼???с??涓???浜烘??卞???藉?ㄧ?╅?茬?????锛????????婧?锛?杩?琛???瀹冲??澶???锛?绂?姝㈤??ㄦ??淇?????姝婚┐???稿?冲?跺????

????锛?涓??藉???????HS锛?涓洪?叉?浠??藉?浼??ワ??稿?虫?垮??ㄩ?ㄥ凡缁??规????涓???浜烘??卞???芥捣?虫?????涓???浜烘??卞???借??哄??ㄦ??╂??????绛????宠?瀹?锛???甯?璀︾ず???ワ?????绂?姝???????藉?杈??ユ?????ㄧ?╃??稿?抽?叉?ф???姐??

Q
椹村?烘???﹂??瑕?????杩?琛?娉ㄥ?????棰??诧?
A

????????蹭?????????????娈点????娲查┈????姣?灞??艰??瀛ょ??姣?绉?锛?Reoviridae锛????剁??姣?灞?锛?Orbivirus锛???????锛?璇ョ??姣???????锛??村?绾?5 nm锛??哄??缁???0涓?ぇ灏?涓?绛???????NA??娈垫????锛??辩???7绉?缁??????斤?VP1-7锛???4绉???缁??????斤?NS1??NS2??NS3??NS3A锛?????姣?绮?瀛?????澶?涓ゅ?琛e3锛?澶?琛e3???界??P2??VP5????锛?涓昏???琛e3???界??P3??VP7????锛?娆¤???琛e3???界??P1??VP4??VP6???????朵腑锛?VP7楂?搴︿?瀹?锛??????姣???琛?娓?缇ょ?瑰??ф????锛?VP2??VP5??富瑕?????????锛?骞跺?冲???姣???涓????规?с???板凡?ユ??9涓??娓???锛?????涔??存病??浜や??????崇郴锛?濡?锛???涓?锛?????锛???涓?锛???锛?涓???????姣???姣???寮哄急涔?涓??稿?????藉???????椹???椹淬??楠$????姣?锛???浠峰??澶?浠凤?娲荤????锛?浜???浣?????姝e?ㄧ????涔?涓?????涓??????ㄥ凡缁???甯????ワ?瑕?姹?涓??藉?藉?昏??????瀵???缁?缁?寮?灞????抽??娲查┈??????绉?姣??归???у????锛?缁?缁??峰??′欢浼?涓?绱ф?ョ??浜с???ㄥ??稿??伴??搴??ョ?ㄧ??????

??????浣跨?ㄦ?????′欢??瀹??????规??IE???????ㄧ?╁????娉??搞??锛?涓????板?哄?ㄨ?璁ゅ?涓?HS?????烘?讹?椹??逛??借?琛?绯荤??ф?ョ?AHS??????OIE璁や负锛??ㄩ?靛????????ㄧ?╁????娉??搞???????典?锛????????板?哄氨涓?浼???浠??????芥???板?鸿??e??????琛?娓??虫?ч┈绉??ㄧ?╁???剁簿娑层???垫?缁???????????澶卞?诲?舵??????笺?????藉?浜?AHS?????斤?涓??芥?????ョ?AHS????杩?琛?棰??层?????藉?AHS瑙?瀹?涓轰?绫诲?ㄧ?╃????锛??ㄥ?e哺??涓ユ?兼??????锛?????杩??i┈绉??ㄧ?╅?藉?椤昏?琛?AHS妫?娴?锛?浣跨?ㄧ????浼?浣垮????┈??AHS??浣??虫?э?浠???浣胯?娓?瀛︽?娴???娉??哄???????ㄧ?╁???????ㄧ?╋?涓??︿娇?ㄧ????锛?灏?澧????村????????惧害????姝わ??ㄦ病???藉????抽?ㄩ?ㄥ??璁哥?????典?锛?浠讳???浣???涓?汉涓?搴?浣跨?ㄧ?????? 

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